Operating System (OS)

Operating System (OS)

We can say, operating system (OS) is an interface between a computer user and computer hardware.

Operating system (OS) is a software which performs all the basic tasks like file management, memory management, process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

Most importantly, it allows us to communicate with the computer without knowing how to speak the computer’s language.

In short, we can conclude that a computer is useless without an operating system.

Operating System (OS)
Android OS

Important functions of an operating System

  • Memory Management

Firstly, it refers to the management of primary memory. Secondly, it keeps track of how much memory has been used and by whom. In other words, it has to decide which process needs memory space and how much.

  • Processor Management

In multiprogramming environment, the OS decides which process gets the processor when and for how much time. So, this function is process scheduling.

  • Device Management

An operating system manages device communications through their respective drivers.

  • File Management

A file system is normally organized into directories for easy navigation and usage.

  • Security

Privacy is also provided by the Operating system by means of passwords. Therefore, unauthorized applications can’t access programs or data.

Types of operating systems

  1. Batch Operating System

Some computer processes are very lengthy and time-consuming. So, a job with a similar type of needs batched together to speed the same process and run as a group.

2. Multi-Tasking/Time-sharing Operating systems

This enables people located at a different terminal to use a single computer system at the same time.

3. Real time Operating systems

It meant applications to fix the deadlines.

4. Distributed Operating System

It manages a group of different computers and makes appear to be a single computer.

5. Network Operating System

Computers running in different operating systems can participate in a common network.

Where is the operating system stored on a computer?

The hard drive (hard disk) is the main storage device in your computer. 

In most of the computers, the operating system is stored on the primary hard drive inside the computer.

Moreover, computers operating systems can also be installed and loaded from an external hard drive.

In addition, early computer operating systems used multiple floppy diskettes to install an operating system.


In conclusion, an operating system is a software that manages computer hardware and software resources, and to provide public services for computer programs.

It is an important part of the system software in a computer system.

In short, we have learnt about operating system.

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Nikita Shingade

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