Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps
Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps

Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps

Backend development languages for website and apps that can handle the ‘behind-the-scenes’ functionality of web applications. It’s code that connects the web to a database, manages user connections, and powers the web application itself.

Top 10 backend languages of 2021

  1. PHP
  2. Python
  3. Ruby
  4. JAVA
  5. Perl
  6. C#
  7. JavaScript
  8. Kotlin
  9. Scala
  10. Rust

PHP

  • Simple
  • Interpreted
  • Faster
  • Open Source
  • Platform Independent
  • Case Sensitive
  • Efficiency
  • Platform Independent
  • Security
  • Flexibility
  • Familiarity
  • Error Reporting
  • Loosely Typed Language
  • Real-Time Access Monitoring

PHP Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, etc.

Popular websites that are using PHP: WordPress, MailChimp, Flickr, etc.

Python

Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps
  • Easy to code
  • Free and Open Source.
  • Object-Oriented Language
  • GUI
  • Programming Support
  • High-Level Language
  • Extensible feature
  • Python is Portable language
  • Python is Integrated language
  • Interpreted Language
  • Large Standard Library
  • Dynamically Typed Language

Python Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Django, Flask, Pyramid, etc.

Popular websites that are using Python: Spotify, Pinterest, Instacart, etc.

Ruby

Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps
  • Object-oriented
  • Flexibility
  • Expressive feature.
  • Mixins.
  • Visual appearance.
  • Dynamic typing and Duck typing.
  • Exception handling.
  • Garbage collector.

Ruby Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Ruby on Rails, Sinatra, Grape, etc.

Popular websites that are using Ruby: Airbnb, Shopify, Slideshare, etc

JAVA

Java
  • Java is a object-oriented and concurrent programming language 
  • It translates Java byte code into a language that can be interpreted by the machines. JVM forms a part of JRE (Java Runtime Environment).
  • Platform Independent Language
  • It uses an engine called JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which provides a runtime environment to run the Java Code and its applications
  • Multi-Threading
  • Robust

Java Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Spring, Struts, Grails

Popular websites that are using Java: LinkedIn, IRCTC, Yahoo, etc.

Perl

Perl
  • Mission critical. Used for mission critical projects in the public and private sectors.
  • Object-oriented, procedural and functional. Supports object-oriented, procedural and functional programming.
  • Easily extendible.
  • Text manipulation.
  • Unicode support.
  • Database integration.
  • C/C++ library interface.
  • Embeddable.

Popular apps that are using Perl: IMDB, BBC, Duckduckgo

C#

Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps
  • Simple.
  • Modern programming language.
  • Object oriented.
  • Type safe.
  • Interoperability.
  • Scalable and Updateable.
  • Component oriented.
  • Structured programming language.

C# Frameworks for Backend Web Development: .NET

Popular websites that are using C#: GoDaddy, Marketwatch, Stack Overflow, etc.

JavaScript

  • Object-Centered Script Language
  • Client edge Technology
  • Validation of User’s Input
  • Else and If Statement
  • Interpreter Centered
  • Ability to perform In Built Function
  • Case Sensitive format
  • Light Weight and delicate
  • Statements Looping
  • Handling Events

JavaScript Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Next.js, Express, MeteorJS, etc.  

Popular websites that are using JavaScript: Facebook, Google, eBay, etc.

Scala

Scala
  • Object-oriented language
  • Type inference.
  • Singleton object.
  • Runs on JVM
  • Immutability.
  • Lazy computation.
  • Case classes and Pattern matching.
  • Concurrency control.
  • String interpolation.
  • Higher order function.

Popular apps that are using Scala: Akka, Spark, Slick

Kotlin

Best Backend Languages for creating website and apps
  • Kotlin is Open-Source.
  • Kotlin Supports Full Java Interoperability. …
  • Kotlin Comes With Lazy-Loading Feature. …
  • Data Classes in Kotlin. …
  • Collection Filtering. …
  • Extension Functions. …
  • Reduces Crashes at Runtime. …
  • Smart Cast Function.

Popular apps that are using Kotlin: Square, Trello, Slack

Rust

Rust
  • Zero cost abstraction
  • Error messages
  • Move semantics
  • Threads without data races
  • Pattern matching
  • Guaranteed memory safety
  • Efficient C bindings
  • Safe memory space allocation
  • Minimal time

It is use to develop in-house and OSS software, and used for infrastructure/devops tools as well as cryptographic key management services.

Summary

There are many more backend language that you can used for developing app or website, above are used in today’s world.

These programming languages often run on frameworks that simplify the web development process. Rails, for example, is a framework written in Ruby.

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Shruti Goel

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